George Nelson was an American industrial designer and one of the founders of American Modernism. While Director of Design for the Herman Miller furniture company, Nelson and his design studio, George Nelson Associates, Inc., designed much of the 20th century's most iconic modernist furniture. An architect and designer active from the mid-forties until the mid-eighties George Nelson merged simple geometric forms with ergonomic function in his iconic designs. During his career, he made a plethora of industrial and domestic objects, including clocks, benches, lamps, and tables. He received the Rome Prize for architecture in 1932, while in Europe he met a number of important designer and architects, including Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius, and Gio Ponti. Over the following decades, the designer collaborated with Vitra and Herman Miller, as well as producing architectural works throughout the United States. Today, his personal archives are held at the Vitra Design Museum in Weil am Rhein, Germany, while his works are in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and The Museum of Modern Art in New York, among others.